Can someone help me to find the correct conversion between PFU (Plaque forming units) and MOI (multiplicity of infection)? How do I determine Optimal Multiplicity of Infection (MOI) of my phage isolates? So according to your virus titre and MOI of 1, you will use 2ul of the virus solution. Additional Resources on the Addgene Blog. MOI = Derived from the chart above based on the percentage of transduced cells. The volume of the viral stock used to transduce the cells. A Third Generation Lentivirus Vector with a Conditional Packaging System. PubMed PMID: 15291957. TCID 50 is the tissue culture infectious dose which will infect 50% if the cell monolayers challenged with the defined inoculum. If the original lentivirus stock is 109 TU/mL, then you will need 0.5 μL of the original stock for the dilution. That is to say, if you have 1 million cells and you want an MOI of 5, you need 5 million lentivirus particles for your transduction. • Transduce overnight (around 16 hours) EGFP expression and flow cytometry analysis of human blood monocyte-derived macrophages transduced at different times.Cells from donor 1 were transduced with lentivirus VRX1090 using an MOI of 50 (30 × 10 6 transducing units/ml) at 2 (B), 24 (C), 48 (D) and 120 (E) hours after cell plating. Add 100,000 virions, and the MOI How can I use this to reinfect cells in T75 flask for example ? Plate 1.6 x 10 4 cells into wells of a 96-well plate with 120 µL fresh media. phage or more generally virus, bacteria) to infection targets (e.g. The volume of virus stock used was 10 μl, and However, at higher transduction levels, the fraction of transduced cells with multiple integrations increases, so that the percentage of transduced cells relative to integration events per cell is no longer linear. I want to calculate the colony forming unit of a bacterium which is frozen in glycerol solution. cell).For example, when referring to a group of cells inoculated with virus particles, the multiplicity of infection or MOI is the ratio of the number of virus particles to the number of target cells present in a defined space. does it depend on the cells seeded ? Can anyone give me a formula to figure out how to properly seed cells if I was given a desired amount? If one million virions are added to one million cells, the MOI is one. That’s easy, but: The term MOI is used in two slightly different ways which may make a great difference: A: The transduced cell type is the same cell type that has been used for the titration. PubMed. If your titer is 1x108 particles/ml, add 1ul of virus to the cells. Plaque forming units (pfu) is a measure of number of infectious virus particles. • Example: for MOI 1, you need to add 100,000 viral particles to 100,000 cells. Providing quality life science research reagents and services for customers developing innovative methods, processes, products and medicines. LP/mL is a measure of physical titer and will need to be converted to IFU/mL to determine the MOI. I am a little bit lost and all I read on the web didn't really help me. # of cells at Transduction = Total number of cells in the culture when viral particles were added. Multiplicity of infection (moi) is the average number of virus particles infecting each cell. This protocol was developed for Lenti-X 293T cells but can be adapted to a variety of target cell lines and selection markers. So, this study presents a simple method to increase the transduction efficiency of K562 cells with a low multiplicity of infection (MOI) of the virus particle. I seeded an exact number of cells in 96 well plate and do a serial dilution of the virus (90ul added to the cells). I have 5x10 3 ( 5000 viral particles/ ul). I have prepared a TCID50 assay, but I have doubts regarding how to consider a positive cytopathic effect. These vectors provide a tool for gene insertion, deletion, or modification in organisms. Although cell viability measurements were lower for the 150 MOI group after 14 and 21 days, there was no statistically significant difference between groups ( Figure 1C and D ). An MOI of 2 would be twice the number of virus particles compared to cells. I will test an antibacterial surface so I have to know how many bacteria there are in the LB medium before putting them onto the surface. The K562 human cell line has been used extensively in hematopoietic research. I have come across a protocol that I find helpful and would like to adapt. I will use lentivirus soon to integrate an shRNA in my cells. In this case a MOI of 1 results in a You should check the literature to see what MOIs people use. If you’re planning on using lentivirus for your next experiment, chances are you’re wondering how much virus to use. According to ATCC my TCID50 will be:10(4) TCID50/90ul for MDCK cells. For example, if 2x106 cells is infected by 50 ml of virus with a titer of 108 pfu/ml. of cells *desired MOI=total PFU needed. How many microliters do I have to use from my viral stock? Step 1: Select 6 MOI conditions to test For example, using a GFP Lentivirus, design a range of MOIs to use, let’s say, 6 conditions ranging from MOIs 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, and 30. For this reason, it is typical to titer several dilutions of the viral stock to obtain a culture with enough transduced cells for the calculation but not to the point where there are more viral particles than cells. It is difficult to answer your second question since you do not mention the cell type you are infecting. Is shaking of the cultures necessary during MOI determination? The amplicon of the primer set that is used to quantify the lentiviral vector RNA is located in the 5'LTR of the RNA genome. Determining the titer of your lentiviral vector allows you to control the multiplicity of infection (MOI) in downstream studies. For the non-dividing cells, like primary cells with a low infection efficiency, it is better to test a range of MOIs to determine the optimal MOI for infection and gene expression. Transduction efficiency is highest with the smallest cell number and largest viral volume eg: a thirty-fold increase in cell numbers resulted in … 2, 5, 10, and 15 µL of lentiviral particles per 1.6 x 10 4 cells or MOIs of 1, 2, and 5 should be used to determine the optimal transduction efficiency and knockdown for each cell line (see Appendix). The MOI describes the number of virus particles needed to infect one cell. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC514534. This protocol can be used to titer lentiviral preparations that carry a fluorescence marker. How does one interpret TCID50 and manage number of cell variations? The moi will be 0.05*108/2*106 = 2.5. The titer of GeneCopoeia Lentifect™ lentiviral particles is given as transduction units (TU) per milliliter. how come since the cells seeded are now confulent and way more ? Thank you. If you were going to infect 10 million cells at an MOI of 0.1, you need 1,000,000 infectious particles. How to calculate properly a lenti/retroviral TITER? This section describes how to calculate the titer of packaged lentiviral particles. In-depth detail is appreciated. Contact Us. For in vitro work, multiplicity of infection (MOI) is the theoretical number of virus particles applied per target cell. Please tell how and why you use the formula you are using. I have to do transduction using lentivirus and I have a doubt how to calculate the MOI. One TU produces one integration event in target cells. Regarding the 50% confluency of cells on 12 well plate, I suggest that you should check microscopy. The calculated MOI is 0.3 (from the chart), and, The TITER is: In this protocol, S.aureus cells are to be grown to their early logarithmic phase (OD. The original # of cells at Transduction was 100,000, and I have 5x10 3 ( 5000 viral particles/ ul). I have seen a general protocol for determining MOI ratios in Adenovirus where MOI ratios were calculated using a formula No. -80°C, > 6 months Ære-titration ¾Number of freeze/thaw cycles. How much do I have to take to get MOI of 1 if I plate 10000 cells in a 12 well plate.Â, I would also like to know if these cells are enough or would be too much for 50% confluency. I would like to determine the TCID50 of influenza virus on MDCK cells with a viability test. 50 thousands cells at MOI of 10, you need 10x50,000 = 5.0x105 TU for the infection. All rights reserved. The observed % of transduced cells (RFP+ or antibiotic resistant) is 25%, THEN: When using lentiviral vectors to deliver transgenes into target cells, expression levels increase with increasing MOI because more lentivirus copies integrate into the nuclear DNA of the cells. Then use the formula: (total PFU needed)/ (PFU/ml) = Total ml of virus needed to reach your desired dose. The amount of lentivirus produced using these recommended conditions (10 ml of virus at a titer of at least 1 × 10 5 transducing units (TU)/ml) is generally sufficient to transduce at least 1 × 10 6 cells at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) = 1. "The significance of controlled conditions in lentiviral vector titration and in the use of multiplicity of infection (MOI) for predicting gene transfer events." A cell infection is subject to the cells seeded are now confulent way..., add 1ul of virus in a 96-well plate format 1 S.aureus cells are to be infected efficiently diluting obtain. 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