Are you sure of your plant’s identification? One must be careful when using the popular names for plants! In fact, some think the S. americanum (ah-mare-ree-KAY-num) isn’t even a native but is from Australia. The protein is rich in methionine. There are different varieties of edible black nightshade, solanum nigrum, and they don't all have the same shaped leaves. I am pretty sure mine are edible. no one talks about the size of night shade! The plants are all green now, about two feet high, with 4-7 berries per cluster. I have no answer. What was once thought of as varieties of one native in North American ( S. nigrum) became many plants with many names. Eating the leaves raw can make you sick. The flower has large anthers, the sepals generally adhere to the fruit, and they are racemiform, that is, not all originating from one point but along the stem (peduncle) — that’s important. I’d post a picture but not sure how to on this forum. The young tender greens are edidble when cooked. Well now Im keeping this particular nightshade knowing its therapeutic uses. So,… ?… I thot it was because she was a big mare, 17hh tall and 1650 lbs heavy. As its old scientific name indicates, it is of hybrid origin. Three reasons. However none of your descriptions exactly matches what I see here. hi, i’m in southeastern pennsylvania, and was quite excited to try what i thought was americanum (and ‘deadly’), but upon further looking, smaller younger leaves are purplish/reddish underneath. — Sam Brungardt, I have a nightshade of some form growing in my cherry tomatoes.. i jumped like a saw a rattler when i noticed it at first! In my culture we all know not to consume these part of the plant. The first one came from a veterinarian report on the, For the record the leaves and young shoots of, Generally said a Black Nightshade plant can produce up to 178,000 seeds per plant. We also know some small mammals can eat the plant and not get sick but then again squirrels can eat strychnine, so that is no help. However, when I squish them (the technical term) the flesh, while purple and seedy, squishes clear juice, not purple, so I cannot imagine dying cloth with it as one of the other posts suggest and the black (totally black) berries are very sour, not bitter really, just not anything anyone would want to eat intentionally. I guess I am confused.. my plants don’t have any red or purple on the leaves. Then, I typed in the names to find articles on this plant. The stem can be slightly hairy or on occasions hairless. Of 61 greens tested in Africa, S. nigrum had the highest amount of vitamin A. “. I can think of several blue or black berries that can make you quite sick or kill you. They looked like the Huckleberries we grew before. Do you have any citations for sources on the toxicity of unripe berries and uncooked leaves of any of these Solanum species found in North America? American BlackNightshade Black Nightshade Cutleaf Nightshade (So lanum americanum) (So lanum nigrum) (So lanum triflorum) Mature Plant: 1 to 3 feet tall, with straggling stems that are Variable in height; usually extensively Mature plant grows flat or tends to rise We call it Morel. Today, I was determined to find some internet information on the Tamil malathangalikkai which I find growing in many places in the US. Survived them. Here’s my experience. Here in lower Michigan it sometimes is a strongly held belief – among the Amish and others. I recognized the plant, but wished I could have confirmation on its edibility. Thanks for helping me identify the plants growing on my patio. Thanks. My mother decided she knew what she was looking at. When ripe, they have pretty orange berries that actually taste like an orange. They are somewhat sensitive to the heat on my patio, with the leaves wilting until I water them in the afternoon. The difference between the species is minor and can be just a little coloring on the seedlings. The Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops also says the cooked leaves and ripe fruit are edible. You just boil water salt the water and throw it in and cook the young tender leaves until it is dark green. It would be a good idea to find someone who knows your native plants. black nightshade, solanum nigrum Depending on where you live Black nightshade may be highly poisonous or edible. Its cooked leaves and ripe fruit are edible. Not delicious, but kind of like a mix between a blackberry and a tomato. So it became quite a muddy soup. The fruit is dark blue-purple when ripe. While I have not personally proven this to myself regarding all three species mentioned here — the S. nigrum is not that common  locally — some researchers say the stems and leaves of both the S. americanum and S. nigrum are edible after being boiled. Thank-you for your scientific information, Mr. Deane. It is called Ganeke Hannu in Kannada. However, in central Spain, the great bustard (Otis tarda) may act as a seed disperser of European black nightshade (Solanum nigrum). Under cultivation leaves and stem tops are regularly harvested. Now, why boil the leaves twice? Solanum americanum grows up to 1–1.5 metres (39–59 in) tall and is an annual or short-lived perennial. American Nightshade, Black Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade EDIBLE USES: Green unripe berries are toxic. Chris, I am of south Indian origin too and I eat the leaves, prepared green fruit and raw ripe fruit too. Interesting page.. I’ve been eating the berries of the black nightshade that grows everywhere here in Houston for years, ever since my Tamil wife pointed out they used it all the time. I am only speculating about the information gap we have. They’re quite tasty. S. ptycanthum: Similar to americanum but young leaves and shoots maroon under leaf, fruit has seeds and crumbs. All rights reserved. I live in South Florida, and I came across your site trying to identify what turned out to be S. Americanum growing in my yard. Then I learned of a local grocery store manager from Cuba who ate the ripe berries whenever he found them. Professor Julia Morton, in her book, Wild Plants for Survival in South Florida,  says fully ripe berries of the S. americanum are edible raw or cooked. Bruised leaves used externally to ease pain and reduce inflammation, also  applies to burns and ulcers. And oh, the fruit are sometimes red in Delhi. We love this as a green that taste like no other. Now, I had names. I would like to make jam with the ripe berries if it will not cause me to become ill. Can you help me? The plant is native around the Tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, including Hawaiʻi, Indochina, Madagascar and … I live in Lancaster PA. We found what we believe to be the edible fruit (S. americanum berries). Its berries are light green or yellow when ripe and the leaves are so hairy that they may feel sticky. The latter appeals to me but if the S. ptycanthum is a hybrid with the old world S. nigrum and not a native, how long was it around for the Indians to discover it, use it, and hold it in high esteem? Might it have been an unripe ground cherry? I see some people who are referencing a vine, I think they are most likely confusing the varieties of nightshade talked about here with bittersweet nightshade, or Solanum dulcamara. Leaves look similar to a lamsquarter. thank you! Intake at your own risk because I don’t have any science degree however, just a person who appreciates wild edibles. They can be oval to triangular, no teeth or irregularly teethed. She excitedly talks about her American find to her family in India. Until I find a reputable published source that says it is edible and explains how, it is on my toxic avoid list. American black nightshade is cosmopolitan in distribution and its native origin is uncertain. Grows like a weed. I have hundreds of them. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. I would be wary of any similar looking vine with purple flowers. Leaves are fragile, with lots bug holes. I haven’t plucked up the courage to try eating the berries that have started ripening here at the end of July in Southeast Texas. I didn’t swallow. The potted plant below the sign was Solanum nigrum not Atropa belladonna. As for the Solanum Carolinense… aka Horsenettle… Every published reference in English I have ever read says it is toxic. I’ve reached my destination. Is this typical or is it another plant? As it does not take long from germination to fruiting, I’ve started growing from seeds the Americana Night on the purpose to collect enough berries for making jam. [9] Ripe berries and foliage may also cause poisoning,[9] though the toxicity seems to diminish somewhat with ripening. Now that’s a quotable quote: Again, don’t try it. This is later fried in oil and eaten with hot rice and oil. The Canadian government also reports the berries are edible. Native peoples had it sorted out well long before there were botanists. The berries I am trying to identify have only 2 seeds that closely resemble grape seeds in size and construct. Is pollinated by Insects 2009 ) a cloth fruits might be edible that nightshade kills horses come Kenya. 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